So, what is the difference between using sticky tape and cat repellent spray? It’s a matter of habituation. Eventually, they’ll associate both with unpleasantness and stop clawing the area. At least with the spray, there is nothing to see, you don’t have ugly tape stuck all over the place.
And, by the way, my furniture is old, and was old when I first got cats 16 years ago. It’s a mess, scratched and clawed to pieces, but I’m not getting new until I move things around so that I live downstairs (which will be when I can’t climb the stairs any more). By that time, the two, now old, cats that do the clawing will be gone and I can safely have nice things again.
For now, everything has throws over it, which, OP, is another thought. Put a long enough throw on the furniture, and the cats won’t be able to get at the good stuff underneath. They don’t like to claw on throws because the throws move when they try. Then, take the throws off when you have company.